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Friday, January 12, 2007

Fiji-Some Little Known History Part 1

Some time ago, I interviewed a former intelligence officer, who had lived for many years in Fiji.

He gave me some useful background information on the key players in Fijian politics at the time.

He also shared some of his knowledge of Soviet and communist activities on the island.

Below is some of what he told me. I have added a little of my own information, to flesh things out.

The Soviets

From the moment of independence in 1970, the Soviet Union requested permission to open an embassy in Suva.

Fijian president, Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, a conservative Catholic and staunch anti-communist, wouldn't have a bar of it.

He kept the Soviets at arms length, dealing with them, only through their embassy in Canberra.

After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, Soviet ships were banned from Fiji for several years.

During the 1982 Fijian parliamentary elections, a scandal blew up.

Ratu Mara received confidential information that the Soviet Union had secretly paid the pro-Indian, National Federation Party, one million dollars for their election campaign.

A Royal Commission was called to investigate the claims, but the source of Ratu Mara's information was too sensitive to divulge.

However, a female Indian diplomat was declared "persona non grata" and was told to leave the country. It was suspected that her husband had been used as a courier in transferring the funds to the NFP.

Bavadra and the Fiji Labour Party

While the Soviets were unwelcome in Fiji, a few Polish doctors were allowed in, under the auspices of the World Health Organisation.

One of these was very close to a senior Health Department employee, Dr Timoci Bavadra.

It is believed that this Polish doctor, recruited Bavadra to the Soviet cause. Bavadra had been president of the Fiji Public Servants Association for several years, but resigned his government job to enter politics.

In 1985, Dr Bavadra, though an ethnic Fijian, established the trade union backed and Indian dominated, Fiji Labour Party.

Around this time, three senior FLP members, led by Krishna Datt (later Bavadra's Foreign Minister) travelled to the Soviet Union.

In October 1986, Datt and current Fijian Finance Minister, Mahendra Chaudhry also travelled to East Berlin for a conference of the Soviet front, World Federation of Trade Unions. This was possibly the same trip.

Before the 1987 election, Bavadra and Chaudhry, spoke of opening a Soviet embassy in Suva, if the FLP won power. This was seemingly forgotten as the election drew closer.

The pro-Soviet communists of the NZ Socialist Unity Party also began to show interest in Fiji around this time.

Socialist Unity Party leaders, Bill Andersen left, Mike Jackson right

Senior SUP member, Mike Jackson travelled to Fiji just before the 1987 elections. After the 1987 coup, leading Party member, Bill Andersen led the first demonstration outside the Fijian consulate in Auckland. SUP General Secretary chaired meetings of the Coalition for Democracy in Fiji in Auckland and Wellington. Prominent SUP members, Don and Jan Farr were also involved in CDF activities.

Until the end of March 1987, the ruling Alliance Party was certain of victory. However, 6 weeks out from the election, The FLP and the pro-Indian, National federation Party formed a Coalition.

A former Alliance Party minister, removed by Ratu Mara for corruption, then offered his services to the Coalition and was later offered a high post. The Coalition splashed around seemingly unlimited funds, even plying gangs with food and drink.

The Coalition won, by four seats, even though the Alliance Party gained more votes.


Blogger mah29001 said...

I really, really, really, really wonder where are all the protests against Russia for its support of "national liberation" movements into recruiting the former colonial pocessions of Western nations into the Communist sphere?

Isn't just a tactic of divide and conquer instead of a national liberation?

10:04 AM  
Anonymous Steve Nice Guy Northland said...

Dear Mah,

The reason you really, really, really wonder is that you're really, really, really naive and facile - intellectually atrophied by your compulsive-obsessive thing about commies. Self centred with it actually.

National liberation movements come about as a response to murderous oppression. These "national liberators" aren't just being naughty or unseemly Mah, they're fighting for the life of their "nation".

Human nature to do so ! So stop your grizzling you childish idiot. There's something strangely King Canute about the likes of you ! Get over your unwittingly fascist self !

6:55 AM  
Blogger mah29001 said...

"steve the nice guy",

Do me a favor and grow up. How about that "national liberation" movement that placed Robert Mugabe in power in Zimbabwe? The horrible regime of the Derg?

You just simply love those authoritarian types do you?

8:12 AM  
Blogger mah29001 said...

I also want to know why would the Soviets want Fiji under their belt of influence? Yea, they certainly have nothing to gain from doing it. Not!

8:18 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Uh uh .That's not Mike Jackson to the
( geographical) right of Bill Andersen in your pic. Too good looking and much hair. I forget the dudes name, but he's one of those forgetable university chaps who went into the unions to make some sort of lame career. Sort your shit out.

10:42 PM  
Blogger Trevor Loudon said...

Wake up anon. The guy on the RIGHT is Mike Jackson, the guy in the CENTRE (though not politically) is Owen Harvey.

9:02 AM  

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